By FIL C. SIONIL
MANILA, Philippines --- In recognition of his skillful handling of monetary policy amidst external financial threats, Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) Governor Amando M. Tetangco, Jr. was named the Central Bank Governor of the Year For Asia by the international financial magazine, Emerging Markets.
“The (Philippine) central bank, under Governor Amando Tetangco’s stewardship has managed monetary policy with considerable skill, not least given the twin threats of China slowdown and spill-over from the Eurozones crisis,” Emerging Markets, in a statement, said.
Tetangco received the award at the sidelines of the World Bank-International Monetary Fund annual meeting recently held in Tokyo, Japan.
The yearly Emerging Markets CB Governor and Finance Minister of the Year Awards recognize the leading policymakers in each region. The awards are chosen by Emerging Markets’ editorial team, taking into account the views of leading regional experts.
This is the second international recognition Tetangco has received for this year to date. Early this year, the Global Finance magazine named Tetangco as one of the world’s six best central bankers in 2012. For global finance, it was Tetangco’s fourth award.
Tetangco was chosen by Global Finance in recognition of his adept handling of the economy with the country taking advantage of the “receding inflation to cut its benchmark interest rate to a record low 3.75 percent in July, to stimulate growth as the global economy weakens.”
In an interview with Emerging Markets, the BSP Chief admitted that the monetary authorities “needed to sharpen our monitoring of market behavior and be creative in implementing market-based solutions to reduce, contain or eliminate asset bubbles.”
Against the backdrop of a brewing financial crisis in the Eurozone and the narrowing of growth in China, the Philippines economic performance has remained relatively strong, registering a 6.4 percent for the first quarter of the year.
Tuesday, 23 October 2012
By JAMES LOYOLA
The combined first semester earnings of firms listed with the Philippine Stock Exchange grew by 26.4 percent to P271.02 billion from P214.40 billion in the same period last year.
The bourse said this is due to better performance of the Industrial, Financials, Holding Firms, Property, and Services Sectors.
Meanwhile, consolidated revenues of listed companies increased by 21.0 percent to P2.24 trillion from P1.85 trillion in the first half of 2011.
“We are optimistic that net income growth will be sustained for the third quarter as listed companies continue to realize profits from the positive local economic climate,” said PSE president Hans B. Sicat said.
He noted that “the improved earnings data further support investor confidence in our market, which continues to rewrite record highs in various indicators such as index levels, market capitalization, trading activity and capital raising.”
Five out of six sectors recorded positive net income growth during the first half of 2012 led by the Industrial Sector, which surged by 62.9 percent.
On a revenue basis, all the sectors registered higher revenues, with the Industrial Sector again leading the way with a 24.4 percent jump. The Industrial Sector benefited from one-time gains as well as increased equity in net earnings of associates.
Securities trading gains, on the other hand, were the drivers for the 36.6 percent net income increase in the Financials Sector.
Combined profits of the Holding Firms Sector rose 25.9 percent due to improved income contributions of subsidiaries and associates.
Consolidated income of the Property Sector climbed 9.5 percent as a result of increased real estate sales and improved rent revenues from newly opened malls.
Non-recurring gains and improved volumes contributed to an increase in the Services Sector’s combined income. However, this was tempered by higher expenses due to higher costs of sales and operating expenses.
On the other hand, the Mining & Oil Sector’s aggregate income dropped by 28.3 percent due to lower production volumes and the absence of one-time gains.
Outside the Box
In the middle of 2007, the US economy started to flatten out after a strong and steady rise in the gross domestic product from 2000. Normal business cycles operate that way. At the same time, gasoline prices increased from about $2 per gallon at the start of the year to over $3 by May 2007. By May 2008, gas prices were over $4. Historically, this would have been a manageable problem. This time high gas prices helped cause a calamity.
Because the average American was over-leveraged and had taken on too much debt to buy houses, a large group of people were forced to re-allocate funds from their mortgage payments to pay for gasoline and the subsequent rise in prices throughout the economy caused by high fuel costs.
The housing market froze and this accelerated the economic slowdown as housing and related industries accounted for almost 30 percent of the US economy.
All the major banks were faced with carrying an enormous amount of non-performing housing loans. By summertime 2008, major financial
institution Lehman Brothers was in serious financial trouble due to holding billions of dollars of these now defaulting mortgages that they had originally purchased by borrowing money. It was a double debt disaster.
The US government stepped in to help the banks by creating the Trouble Asset Relief Program (TARP), which bought bad loans from the banks. At the same time, the government thought that this infusion of cash to the banks would be loaned out thus stimulating the falling economy.
When Obama took office in early 2009, he began the wildest government spending spree in history, raising the budget deficit from $400 billion to over $1 trillion. Tax revenues also declined in the falling economy and the US borrowed to pay its expenses. The Federal Reserve doubled its “money printing” from holding $800 billion of government debt to $1.7 trillion. That was Quantitative Easing 1 (QE1).
Had the bad banks, even the major ones, been allowed to go down in 2008-2009, all that TARP and QE1 money could have been used to pay back depositors, perhaps better stimulating economic activity. Instead, now three to four years later, the banks are still carrying enormous amounts of bad loans and the government has spent another $4 trillion financed in part by QE2. The economy has flat lined and we are now into QE 3.
When I wrote last week about the future negative consequences of QE3, someone tweeted me, “Sounds like a doomsday scenario. Yes, it could be possible. But I could sense sitting powers to intervene.”
Please understand this very clearly. QE3 is not the doomsday scenario; QE3 is the doomsday solution.
Western governments have two options. They can let the holders of the bad loans suffer the losses that would cause large economic shrinkage, reducing western standards of living by perhaps 30 percent or more. Alternatively they can print enough money to monetize the debt, meaning to create enough new money to pay off old debt. That is what QE is doing and will continue to do.
Almost part of our genetic code, humans anticipate tomorrow being better than today even though we know that there will always be ups and downs; rain, sun, rain in an endless cycle.
Nonetheless, since World War II, the world has experienced a constant economic growth pattern fueled in part by advances in technology and we have come to expect never-ending economic improvement. The iPhone 2 must be followed by number 3 and then 4 and beyond.
This is not new. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the mid-1700s, the average human standard of living and wealth creation has followed an upward trend. We have seen downturns due to wars and natural disasters, but particularly in the last three generations, it has been up, up, up.
If governments now allow this upward economic trend to stop by
forcing economies to shrink in order to pay off the global debt, there would be immense social upheaval and chaos. It is already happening in Greece and Spain.
To avoid a collapse of the global economy and literally global mass rioting in the streets, QE is the only solution.
Western governments have let the cancer of bad bank and government debt go too far. To let them fail at this point could potentially collapse the global financial system.
However, QE is like chemotherapy for cancer patients. Chemotherapy pumps poisons into the body, which will hopefully kill the cancer cells before the poisons kill the body. The side effects include a tremendous weakening of the immune system and a potential damaging of vital organs. I will look at more “side effects” on Thursday.
E-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org, Web site is www.mangunonmarkets.com and Twitter @mangunonmarkets. PSE stock-market information and technical analysis tools provided by COL Financial Group Inc.
Monday, 22 October 2012
Philippines Airlines (PAL) confirmed that it is buying 10 jumbo jets from Toulouse-based European aircraft-builder Airbus on Saturday, as French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault visited Manila to promote Franco-Asian trade.
The 2.5-billion-dollar (1.9-billion-euro) deal, which was announced on 28 September, was confirmed by PAL and Airbus representatives at the Manila Business Forum on Saturday.
PAL bought 54 planes from Airbus in August for 7.0 billion euros (5.4 billion euros).
The new acquisitions will replace A330 currently flying medium-haul flights for the airline.
The first 10 planes of the 64-strong order should be delivered in 2013.